Bibliography: Rescue by Italians During the Holocaust


Alfieri, Dino. Deux dictateurs face à face: Rome-Berlin, 1939-1943. (Paris, 1948).

Avarna di Gualtieri, Carlo. “Gli ebrei e l’occupazione italiana in Francia,” Nuova Antologia (January 1962), pp. 245-248.

Avni, Haim. “Spanish Nationals in Greece and their Fate during the Holocaust.” Yad Vashem Studies, 8 (1970), pp. 31-68.

Bastianini, Giuseppe. Uomini, cose, fatti: Memorie di un ambasciator. (Milan, 1959).

Ben, Y. Greek Jewry in the Holocaust and the Resistance, 1941-1944. (Tel Aviv, 1985). In Hebrew.

Capano, Renato Perrone. La Resistenza in Roma. (Naples: G. Macchiaroli, 1963).

Caracciolo, Nicola, translated and edited by Florette Rechnitz Koffler & Richard Koffler. Uncertain Refuge: Italy and the Jews during the Holocaust. (Urbana, IL: University of Illinois Press, 1986).

Carpi, Daniel. “The diplomatic negotiations over the transfer of Jewish children from Croatia to Turkey and Palestine in 1943.” Yad Vashem Studies, 12 (1977), 109-124.

Carpi, Daniel. "The Rescue of Jews in the Italian Zone of Occupied Croatia." In Rescue Attempts During the Holocaust. Proceedings of the Second Yad Vashem International Historical Conference, edited by Y. Gutman & E. Zuroff, pp. 465-526. (Jerusalem, 1977).

Carpi, Daniel. "Notes on the History of the Jews in Greece during the Holocaust Period: The Attitude of the Italians (1941-1943)." In Festschrift in Honor of Dr. George S. Wise, H. Ben-Shahar et al., Eds., pp. 25-62. (Tel Aviv, 1981).

Carpi, Daniel. “The Italian Diplomat Luca Pietromarchi and His Activities on Behalf of the Jews in Croatia and Greece,” Yalkut Moreshet, 33 (1982), pp. 145-152 (Hebrew).

Carpi, Daniel. Aid to Jews by Italians.  In Gutman, Yisrael (Ed.). Encyclopedia of the Holocaust, 4 vols. (New York: Macmillan, 1990), pp. 729-730.

Carpi, Daniel. Between Mussolini and Hitler: The Jews and the Italian Authorities in France and Tunisia. (Hanover, NH: Brandeis University Press, 1994).

Carpi, Daniel (Ed.). Italian Diplomatic Documents on the History of the Holocaust in Greece (1941-1943). (Tel Aviv: Diaspora Research Institute, 1999).

Chadwick, Owen. “Weizsäcker, the Vatican, and the Jews of Rome.” In Michael Marrus (Ed.), The Nazi Holocaust: Historical Articles on the Destruction of European Jews. (Westport, CT: Meckler, 1989), pp. 1263-1283.

Dawidowicz, Lucy S. The War Against the Jews, 1933-1945. (New York: Holt, Rinehart & Winston, 1975).

Deaglio, Enrico, translated by Gregory Conti. The Banality of Goodness: The Story of Giorgio Perlasca. (Notre Dame, IN: University of Notre Dame Press, 1998).

De Felice, Renzo. The Jews in Fascist Italy: A History.  (New York: Enigma Books, 2001).

Della Rocca, Roberto Morozzo. “Roncalli Diplomatico in Turchia e Grecia, 1935-1944” in Cristianesimo nella Storia, VIII/2. (1987), pp. 33-72, particularly pp. 55-56, 58.

Diamant, Zanuel. “Jewish Refugees on the French Riviera.” YIVO Annual of Jewish Social Science III (m1953): 264-280.

Duman, Marion and Judy Krausz (Eds.). Compiled, translated and annotated with an introduction by Irith Dublon-Kenbel. German Foreign Office Documents on the Holocaust in Greece (1837-1944).  (Tel Aviv: Tel Aviv University, 2007).

Fein, Helen. Accounting for Genocide. (New York: Free Press, 1979).

Fleming, K. E. Greece: A Jewish History. (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2008).

Herzer, Ivo. The Italian Refuge: Rescue of Jews during the Holocaust. (Washington: Catholic University Press, 1989).

Italian Foreign Ministry. Reports of February 27, March 9 and 20, 1943, Archives of the Italian Foreign Ministry.

Jasa, Romano. “Jews in the Rab Camp and Their Participation in the Liberation War.” Zbornik, 2. (1973), p. 70.

Korman, Gerd (Ed.). Hunter and Hunted: Human History of the Holocaust. (New York: Viking Press, 1973).

László, Elek. Az Olasz Wallenberg [The Italian Wallenberg]. (Budapest: Szécheny Kiado KFT, 1989).

Leboucher, Fernande. Translated by J. F. Bernard. Incredible Mission. (Garden city, NY: Doubleday, 1969).

Levin, Nora. The Holocaust: The Destruction of European Jewry, 1933-1945. New York: Thomas Y. Crowell Company, 1968).

Marie-Benoit, T. R. P. “Una lettera di Padre Benedetto,” La Voce della Comunità Israelitica, July 1955.

Matkovski, Alexandar. A History of the Jews in Macedonia.

Matsas, Michael. The Illusion of Safety: The Story of the Greek Jews During World War II. (New York: Pella Publishing Co., 1997).

Marrus, Michael, R., and Robert O. Paxton. Vichy France and the Jews. (New York: Basic Books, 1981).

Michaelis, Meir.  The Holocaust in Italy: Area of Inquiry IV: The Italian Occupied Territories.  In Berenbaum, Michael, and Abraham J. Peck (Eds.). The Holocaust and History: The Known, the Unknown, the Disputed, and the Reexamined, pp. 455-461. (Bloomington, Indiana: Indiana University Press, 1998).

Michaelis, Meir. Mussolini and the Jews: German-Italian Relations and the Jewish Question in Italy, 1922-1945. (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1978).

Molho, M., & J. Nehama. The Destruction of Greek Jewry, 1941-1945. (Jerusalem, 1965). In Hebrew.

Möllhausen, Eitel Friedrich. Die Gebrochene Achse [The Broken Axis]  (Luxembourg: Alpha Verlag, 1949).

Möllhausen, Eitel Friedrich. Il giuoco è fatto! (Florence, 1951).

Morelli, Anne. “Les diplomates italiens en Belgique et la ‘question juive,’ 1938-1943,” Bulletin de l’Institut Historique Belge de Rome, 53-54 (1983-1984), pp. 357-407.

Ortona, Egidio. “Il 1943 da Palazzo Chigi: Note di Diario,” Storia Contemporanea, 14 (1983), pp. 1076-1147.

Picciotto, Liliana. Italians and Jews During the Fascist and German Persecutions. In Bankier, David and Israel Gutman, Eds. Nazi Europe and the Final Solution. (Jerusalem: Yad Vashem, 2003), pp. 508-517.

Pietromarchi, Luca. “Frammenti delle memorie dell’ambasciatore Luca Pietromarchi. La difesa degli ebrei nel ’43,” Nuova Antologia, fasc 2161 (January-March 1987), pp. 241-247.

Poliakov, Leon, and Jacques Sabille.  Jews under the Italian occupation. (Paris: Éditions du Centre, 1955).

Poznanski, Renée. Jews in France during World War II. (Hanover: Brandeis University Press, 2001).

Rahn, Rudolph. Ruheloses Leben: Aufzeichnungen und Erinnerungen [Restless Life: Reflections and Memories]. (Dusseldorf: Diederichs Verlag, 1949).

Rahn, Rudolf. Un diplomate dans la tourmente. (Paris, 1948).

Reitlinger, Gerald. The Final Solution: The Attempt to Exterminate the Jews of Europe, 1939-1945. (New York: The Beechhurst Press, 1953).

Roatta, Mario. Otto milioni di baionette: L’esercito italiano in guerra dal 1940 al 1944. (Milan, 1946).

Rochlitz, Joseph. “Excerpts from the Salonika Diary of Lucillo Merci (February-August 1943).” Yad Vashem Studies, 18 (1987), pp. 293-323.

Roncalli, Angelo Giuseppe, Pope John XXIII. Edited by Don Loris Capovilla. Translated by Dorothy White. Mission to France, 1944-1953. (New York: McGraw-Hill, 1966).

Rozett, Robert. “Child Rescue in Budapest,” Holocaust and Genocide Studies, 2 (1987), pp. 49-59.

Sabile, Jacques. Les juifs de Tunisie sous Vichy et l’occupation. (Paris, 1954).

Steinberg, Jonathan. All or nothing: The Axis and the Holocaust, 1941-1943. (New York: Routledge, 1990).

Sweets, John F. Jews and Non-Jews in France During the Second World War. In Bankier, David and Israel Gutman, Eds. Nazi Europe and the Final Solution. (Jerusalem: Yad Vashem, 2003), pp. 361-373.

Verax [Roberto Ducci]. “Italiani ed ebrei in Jugoslavia,” Politica Estera, I. (Rome, 1944), pp. 21-29.

Yahil, Leni. The Holocaust: The Fate of European Jews. (New York: Oxford University Press, 1990).

Waagenaar, Sam. The Pope’s Jews. (La Salle, IL: Open Court Publishers, 1974).

Wolff, Walter. Bad Times, Good People: A Holocaust Survivor Recounts His Life in Italy During World War II. (Whittier Publications, 1999).

Zuccotti, Susan. The Italians and the Holocaust: Persecution, Rescue, Survival. (New York: Basic Books, 1987).

Zuccotti, Susan. The Rescue of Jews in Italy and the Existence of a Papal Directive. In Bankier, David and Israel Gutman, Eds. Nazi Europe and the Final Solution. (Jerusalem: Yad Vashem, 2003), pp.519-535.

Zur, Yaron. “The Jews of Tunisia under the German Occupation: A Divided Community in Time of Crisis,” Contemporary Jewry, 2 (1985), pp. 169-172.


Updated November 5, 2017