Bibliography: The Vatican, the Catholic Church, and the Holocaust



American Jewish Committee. American Jewish Yearbook. Vols. XXXII-XLVIII. (New York: American Jewish Committee, 1931-1947).

American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee, Aiding Jews Overseas: Reports of the American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee, 1939-1942.

American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee, The Rescue of Stricken Jews in a World at War, December 1943.

Braham, Randolph L. The Politics of Genocide: The Holocaust in Hungary. (New York: Columbia University Press, 1981).

Cahill, Thomas. Pope John XXIII. (New York: Viking, 2002).

Chadwick, Owen. “Weizsäcker, the Vatican, and the Jews of Rome.” In Michael Marrus (Ed.), The Nazi Holocaust: Historical Articles on the Destruction of European Jews. (Westport, CT: Meckler, 1989), pp. 1263-1283.

Conway, John. The Nazi Persecution of the Churches. (New York: Basic Books, 1968).

Conway, John S. “Records and documents of the Holy See relating to the Second World War.” Yad Vashem Studies, 15 (1983), 327-345.

Della Rocca, Roberto Morozzo. “Roncalli Diplomatico in Turchia e Grecia, 1935-1944” in Cristianesimo nella Storia, VIII/2. (1987), pp. 33-72, particularly pp. 55-56, 58.

Elliott, Lawrence. I will be called John: A biography of Pope John XXIII. (New York: Reader’s Digest Press, E. P. Dutton, 1973).

Friedlander, Saul. Pius XII and the Third Reich: A Documentation.  (New York: Knopf, 1966).

Gutman, Israel (Editor in Chief), Sara Bender (Associate Editor), Lucien Lazare (Volume Editor). The Encyclopedia of the Righteous Among the Nations: Rescuers of Jews during the Holocaust. France. (Jerusalem: Yad Vashem, 2003).

Hebblethwaite, Peter. Pope John XXIII: Shepherd of the modern world. (New York, 1985), pp. 141-143.

Hirschmann, Ira A. Caution to the Winds.  (New York: David McKay Co., 1962).

Hirschmann, Ira A. Life Line to a Promised Land. (New York: Vanguard Press, 1946).

Hoffmann, Peter. “Roncalli in the Second World War: Peace Initiatives, the Greek Famine and the Persecution of the Jews.” Journal of Ecclesiastical History, XL (1989), pp. 77-84.

Lapide, Pinchas E. Three Popes and the Jews. (New York: Hawthorn Books, 1967).

Lavi, T. Rumanian Jewry in World War II: Fight for Survival. (Jerusalem, 1965). Hebrew.

Lévai, Jenö. Black Book on the Martyrdom of Hungarian Jewry. (Central European Times Publishing, 1948).

Lévai, Jenö. Hungarian Jewry and the Papacy: Pope Pius XII Did Not Remain Silent. (London: Sands and Co., 1968), pp. 39, 44. Refers to M. Rotta and to Uditore Verolino by name.  15,000 safe passes issued (only 2,500 were permitted).

Lewy, Günter. The Catholic Church and Nazi Germany. (New York: McGraw-Hill, 1964).

Mazower, Mark. Inside Hitler’s Greece: The Experience of Occupation, 1941-44. (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1993).

Möllhausen, Eitel Friedrich. Die Gebrochene Achse [The Broken Axis]  (Luxembourg: Alpha Verlag, 1949).

Morley, John. Vatican Diplomacy and the Jews during the Holocaust, 1939-1943. (New York: Ktav, 1980).

Oliner, Pearl M., with statistical analysis by Jeanne Wielgus & Mary B. Gruber. Saving the Forsaken: Religious Culture and the Rescue of Jews in Nazi Europe. (New Haven: Yale University Press, 2004).

Della Rocca, Roberto Morozzo. “Roncalli Diplomatico in Turchia e Grecia, 1935-1944” in Cristianesimo nella Storia, VIII/2. (1987), pp. 33-72, particularly pp. 55-56, 58.

Roncalli, Angelo Giuseppe, Pope John XXIII. Edited by Don Loris Capovilla. Translated by Dorothy White. Mission to France, 1944-1953. (New York: McGraw-Hill, 1966).

Rotkirchen, Livia. The Destruction of Slovak Jewry. (Jerusalem: Yad Vashem, 1961). (Hebrew text, English summary.)

Rotkirchen, Livia. “Vatican Policy and the ‘Jewish Problem’ in ‘Independent’ Slovakia.” Yad Vashem Studies, VI: 27-51. (1967).

Ambassador Laurence Steinhardt, Papers, Library of Congress and National Archives, Washington, DC.

Tittmann, Harold H., Jr., Harold H. Tittman III (Ed.). Inside the Vatican of Pius XII: The Memoir of an American Diplomat During World War II. (New York: Image Books Doubleday, 2004).

United States Holocaust Memorial Museum. Historical Atlas of the Holocaust. (New York: Macmillan, 1996).

Vago, Bela. “Political and Diplomatic Activities for the Rescue of the Jews of Northern Transylvania.” Yad Vashem Studies, 6 (1967), pp. 155-174.

Waagenaar, Sam. The Pope’s Jews. (La Salle, IL: Open Court Publishers, 1974).

War Refugee Board, Final Report, 1946.

War Refugee Board. Unpublished documents relating to Hungary (boxes 18 and 35). Franklin D. Roosevelt Memorial Library, Hyde Park, NY.


Updated November 5, 2017